Synchronised Swimming 101 | The Glamorous and Mesmerising Artistic Swimming

by | Feb 12, 2022 | Swimming | 0 comments

You’ve probably heard of synchronised swimming…

… But the chances are you may yet to hear the incredible story of the first ‘water ballet’ club and how it became an Olympic discipline. It’s more than just a graceful dance in the water – it’s a story of determination, creativity, and passion. Today, you are going on a journey through the fascinating history of this sport…

So, please put on your virtual swimsuit, grab your snorkel, and let’s dive into the world of Synchronised Swimming!

From where did it start?

Synchronised Swimming didn’t burst onto the scene in a blaze of glory. It has humble beginnings. Early records suggest that the first water ballet clubs sprouted up around 1891, the late 19th century! Imagine a time when women in full-length bathing suits, complete with swim caps, pioneered a unique art form in the water. The first competitions took place in Berlin, and while they may have been small-scale, they set the stage for something truly extraordinary.

But here’s where the story gets fascinating. Annette Kellerman, an Australian swimmer, made waves during her 1907 US tour. She wasn’t just swimming. She was performing water acrobatics, and it left you in awe. Annette Kellerman can be considered one of the founding figures of this sport. She introduced the world to what was then known as ‘ornamental swimming.’ She wasn’t just making a splash. She was creating ripples of inspiration.

The Kay Curtis Revolution

While Annette Kellerman may have laid the foundation, the sport’s biggest transformation came in the form of Katherine ‘Kay’ Curtis. Born in Wisconsin in 1897, Kay Curtis was a high school athlete who could swim across Wisconsin’s enormous Lake Mendota in a jaw-dropping 3 hours and 40 minutes. She outswam three male competitors who dropped out halfway due to brutal headwinds.

As Kay Curtis matured, she became a swimming instructor, sharing her aquatic expertise in various schools across the United States. But her true brilliance emerged while she was at the University of Chicago. Curtis started teaching swimmers to perform tricks, strokes, and unique floating formations.

In an event, one of her teams, the ‘Kay Curtis Modern Mermaids,’ composed of 30 talented girls, performed at the 1933-34 World Fair in Chicago, with none other than Olympic swimming gold medalist Norman Ross presenting them. It was a game-changer for the sport, a moment when Synchronised Swimming took center stage.

Curtis didn’t stop there. She penned the foundational textbook on her art form, aptly named ‘Rhythmic Swimming,’ in 1936. She was a trailblazer, introducing the world to an art form that combined grace, athleticism, and creativity. But like many great stories, hers took an unexpected turn.

synchronised swimmers practicing underwater

A Pause for World War II

Just as Synchronised Swimming was gaining popularity, World War II cast its long shadow over the world. And Kay Curtis wasn’t exempt from the turmoil of those times. She joined the Red Cross and, in 1943, was shipped off to North Africa. However, your passion for rhythmic swimming didn’t wane; it just adapted. While overseas, she became a military recreation official, first in Morocco and later in Italy.

Picture this: for three years, Kay Curtis toured Italy in the service of her country. In June 1945, she orchestrated an “Aquacade” production for the Armed Forces amidst the spectacular fountains and pools of The Royal Palace of Caserta, which had been repurposed as Allied headquarters. It was a testament to your dedication to the sport, even in the most challenging circumstances.

A Resilient Return Home

When Kay Curtis finally returned home to the USA in 1962 after her European adventures, she saw her beloved art form evolve into a full-blown sport. What she initially envisioned as a co-ed sport had, over time, become predominantly practiced by women. 

The sport achieved international recognition when it was included in the Olympics in 1984. Two disciplines, duet and team, have been part of the Olympic program since Sydney 2000. Synchronised Swimming had grown from its modest beginnings to a globally recognized and celebrated sport.

Watching Synchronised Swimming looks seamless and easy. The athletes move with such grace and precision that it seems effortless. However, what’s easy on the eyes is anything but in reality. During performances, artistic swimmers endure gasps for air and burning muscles without showing it on their faces (in training, you can wear goggles, but not in competition). 

It takes years of grueling training, endless hours in the pool, and countless sacrifices to make a beautiful performance appear effortless.

The Olympic Dream

The introduction of Synchronised Swimming to the Olympics was a game-changer. It brought the sport to a global audience, allowing people from all corners of the world to witness the incredible performances of these athletes. It also elevated the status of Synchronised Swimming, attracting top talent and leading to further innovations in the sport.

The Grit Behind the Grace

Synchronized swimmers are a unique breed of athletes. They need profound breath control, endurance, power, agility, and unwavering mental concentration to excel in this sport. They are not just graceful dancers. They are incredibly fit and resilient athletes. Consider the demands placed on their bodies. 

The hours of training in the pool, perfecting every move, building strength, and enhancing their flexibility. They endure the risk of kicks to the head, disc herniations, and muscle and tendon tears – all in the pursuit of excellence. It’s a sport that pushes its athletes to the limits of their physical and mental capabilities

girls in routine for synchronised swimming

Techniques and Skills in Synchronised Swimming

Synchronised Swimming is a highly technical sport requiring swimming, dance, and gymnastics skills. Swimmers need to have a high level of general and special training, providing not only the development of physical qualities but also mastering the necessary knowledge. In this section, we will discuss the basic and advanced skills that are essential to Synchronised Swimming.

Basic Skills

The basic skills in Synchronised Swimming include:

Buoyancy: Swimmers need to have a good sense of buoyancy to perform various movements and routines in the water.

Coordination of Movements: Swimmers need to be able to coordinate their movements with their teammates to perform routines in unison.

Endurance and Flexibility: Synchronised Swimming requires high endurance and flexibility to perform various movements and routines.

Grace: Swimmers must perform graceful and elegant movements to create a visually appealing routine.

Advanced Skills

The advanced skills in Synchronised Swimming include:

Sculling: Sculling is a technique used to maintain a stationary position in the water. Swimmers use their hands and feet to create a figure-eight motion to create lift and maintain a stationary position.

Eggbeater Kick: The eggbeater kick maintains a vertical position in the water. Swimmers use a combination of circular and vertical movements to create lift and maintain a vertical position.

Lifts are movements where swimmers lift their teammates out of the water. Swimmers need strength, balance, and coordination to perform lifts.

Throws: Throws are movements where swimmers throw their teammates out of the water. Swimmers must have good strength, balance, and coordination to perform throws.

Synchronized swimmers look like they are moving to music – they are the music. Every move, every twist and turn, is choreographed to the beat. It’s a dance with the water, a marriage of athleticism and artistry that’s as captivating as it is challenging.

Disciplines within Synchronised Swimming

Solo: As the name suggests, it’s a one-person performance. In this event, the swimmer performs a routine by themselves.

Duet: Now comes the dance of the two. The swimmers can be both males or females. In this discipline, a couple performs a routine together, synchronizing their movements and choreography.

Team: As the name suggests – it takes three or more to mesmerize the audience. Usually, four to eight swimmers perform a synchronized routine together.

Mixed Duet: It’s the dance of the opposite genders. It was introduced in 2015 and featured a male and a female swimmer performing a duet together, mesmerizing the audience with their moves.

Trio: Now, this is a unique performance featuring the three swimmers. It’s allowed at the intermediate and novice levels.

Combination: What if the performers are more than eight? Then you see a combination performance. This discipline is allowed at the age group, junior, and senior levels.

Now, during a competition, each routine is scored by a panel of judges on execution and style, both the individual stunts and the overall musical routine. Since 1984, Olympic Synchronised Swimming has featured women’s duet and team events.

synchronised swimming routine

The competition evolved too.

With the development of the sport, many competitions sprang up worldwide to support the game. So, there are various levels of Synchronised Swimming competitions. These range from local, school, or college level to international events. Here are the most recognized ones…

Club Competitions: Local competitions organized by swimming clubs, where swimmers can compete in various routine events, such as solos, duets, and teams.

Regional Competitions: Regional competitions involve swimmers from different clubs within a specific region, where they can compete in various routine events.

Zonal Competitions: Zonal competitions are held within a larger geographical area, such as a country or a group of countries, and involve swimmers from different regions.

National Competitions: National competitions are held at the country level, where swimmers can compete in various routine events and aim to qualify for international events.

Junior Olympic Competitions: These competitions are held for swimmers 18 or younger; they can compete in various routine events and aim to qualify for international events.

International Competitions: International competitions involve swimmers from different countries, such as the World Championships, World Cup, and the Olympics.

Each level of competition offers swimmers the opportunity to showcase their skills and improve their abilities in Synchronised Swimming. As swimmers progress through these levels, the competition becomes more intense, and the routines become more complex and challenging.

Over the years, Synchronised Swimming took shape, and now it’s part of all the major events. The performances are now in more than form, giving the spectators an experience they can remember for a lifetime.

The Evolution of the Technique and Equipment:

Synchronised Swimming has come a long way since its early days as ‘water ballet.’ It has evolved into a dynamic and competitive sport that demands artistic expression and physical prowess. The routines have become more intricate and challenging, and the athletes have pushed the boundaries of what’s possible in the water.

The sport’s evolution is not limited to its routines. The equipment used in Synchronised Swimming has also seen significant improvements. Swimmers can now access high-tech underwater music speakers to hear the music underwater. This innovation has enhanced the precision and timing of their performances. It’s an example of how technology has become an integral part of modern Synchronised Swimming.

Another noteworthy development is the custom swimsuits designed specifically for Synchronised Swimming. These suits are tailored to provide the perfect balance of flexibility and resistance, ensuring the swimmers can gracefully move while maintaining the required level of control. The costumes are often adorned with sequins, crystals, and other decorative elements, adding a touch of glamour to the sport.

women enjoying synchronised swimming

The Legacy of Synchronised Swimming

As you’ve journeyed through the history, beauty, and challenges of Synchronised Swimming, it’s clear that this sport has left an indelible mark on the world of aquatics. From its humble beginnings to its status as an Olympic discipline, Synchronised Swimming has defied expectations and pushed the boundaries of what can be achieved in the water.

The legacy of Synchronised Swimming is not medals and trophies. It’s the inspiration it offers. It’s a testament to the power of passion and dedication, the magic of teamwork, and the beauty that can be created when art and athleticism merge.

A Call to Dive In

If the incredible journey of Synchronised Swimming has inspired you, you might be tempted to try it. So why take that leap and explore this mesmerizing sport for yourself?

Find your nearest Synchronised Swimming academy and inquire about classes. You don’t need much to start – just your swimsuit, goggles, and a lot of enthusiasm.

As you dive into the world of Synchronised Swimming, you’ll discover the beauty of synchronized movement, the thrill of performing in harmony with a team, and the sheer joy of mastering an art form that combines grace and athleticism like no other. It’s a journey that will challenge you, push your limits, and reward you with a sense of accomplishment like no other.

So, Grab your waterproof hair gel, custom swimsuit and rubber nose clip and dive into that pool beating with high-tech underwater music speakers! And let the magic of Synchronised Swimming unfold before your eyes. Who knows, you might discover a passion that will stay with you for a lifetime.


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